Constitution of the CPI (M-L)

Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist)

Party Constitution

Adopted in the First (Eighth ) Party Congress held under the Personal direction of Respected Leader Comrade Charu Mazumdar on the 15-16 May 1970 and readopted in the Second (Ninth) Party Congress held under the Personal direction of Leader of Heart Respected Comrade Mahadev Mukherjee on December 1973

General Programme

Communist Party of India (Marxist- Leninist) is the party of the proletariat class of India.

Communist Party of India (M-L) accepts Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tse-tung’s Thought as its guiding theoretical foundation.

Mao Tse-tung’s Thought is the Marxism-Leninism of our era, the era in which imperialism is proceeding towards total collapse and socialism is marching towards worldwide victory.

The main programme of the Communist Party of India (M-L) is:

To completely overthrow the rule of the agents and lackeys of US imperialism and Soviet social imperialism, bureaucratic-comprador bourgeois class and big feudal land lord classes, and to establish People’s Democratic Dictatorship under the leadership of the proletariats in place of the dictatorship of the bureaucratic-comprador bourgeois class and feudal landlord classes. The ultimate goal of the Party is to achieve Socialism and Communism. To over throw the rule of these enemies of the people Communist Party of India (M-L) has upholded the path of armed struggle before the people of India. For the whole strategic period Communist Party of India (M-L) has rejected the parliamentary path. People’s war in semi colonial semi feudal India is peasants war under the leadership of the proletariat class. The strategy of our People’s war is, as Comrade Lin Piao showed – to have faith on the peasant masses, to build up base areas, to carry on armed struggle, to use the countryside’s to encircle cities and finally capture them. To defeat the enemies of our people and to win victory in the revolution the Communist Party of India (M-L) have three tasks before it:

i) To build and consolidate our Party using the methods of criticism, self criticism and to create link with the major part of the people.
ii) To form a People’s Army under the leadership of our Party.

iii) To form a united front under our Party’s leadership with all revolutionary classes and revolutionary groups which are in armed struggle.

Communist Party of India (M-L) accepts the Communist Party of China as the leadership of the International Communist Movement and takes China as the center and bastion of World Revolution. Communist Party of India (M-L) upholds the proletarian Internationalism; uniting firmly with all true Marxist-Leninist Party’s and groups of the world, uniting with the proletariats of the whole world, uniting with oppressed people and nationalities and along with them fights for overthrowing the US led imperialism, neo revisionism grown out with the Soviet revisionist renegade clique, and all reactionaries of all countries-Fights for the abolition of exploitation of man by man, so that the whole human race gets emancipated. Communist Party of India (M-L) is made up of the vanguards of proletarian class and revolutionary people to fight against class enemies. The members of the Communist Party of India (M-L) devotes their lives for the struggle for Communism. They must bear love for the people, must have the mentality to serve and learn from the masses, they must be always aware of the imperialist conspiracies and the plots of neo revisionists. They must be firm, must not be scared of any self-sacrifice. They must surmount every difficulty to win victory.

Second Chapter

Name and Membership

1.)The name of the Party -Communist Party of India (Marxist-Leninist).
2.)Flag-The flag of the Party is – Red flag with a hammer and sickle on it.

3.) Membership -:

a) Any member of proletarian class, working people’s, peasant class, revolutionary middle class, or any revolutionary person who lives in India and who have completed 18 years of age will be capable to become Party member, if they accepts Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tse-tung’s Thought as a guiding principle accepts the program and constitution of the Party, works maintaining discipline under any Party unit, and regularly pays the Party members dues and their levy, fixed by their unit according to their ability and can move to the countryside’s to awake the peasant masses whenever their Party unit gives direction.

b) The annual donation of the Party members will be ten paise. The unit in which one is member will fix their levy judging their ability.

c) Every one should be made members individually and by the primary unit of the Party.

d) An applicant must have the recommendation of such two Party members who have well introduction with them and can provide all information regarding them to the Party.

e) Applicants from proletarian and peasant class must be judged for six-month work account among the masses and applicants from middle class and middle peasantry on two years work account before including in the Party.

f) No person from the oppressor class will be included in the Party until unless they hand over their property to the Party totally unites with the people.

g) Careerists, frauds, bad charactered persons and agents of the enemies will not be included in the Party.

4.) The duty of the members of the Communist party of India (Marxist-Leninist) are:

a) Each and every day lively learning and applying Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tse-tung’s Thought, and try to become the best disciple of Chairman Mao Tse-tung.

b) To put the interest of the people and Party above ones self interest.

c) To increase their initiative.

d) To be bold in doing criticism and self criticism.

e) To be able to unite with the vast majority along with those who have committed mistakes but have rectified themselves correctly.

Third Chapter

Organizational Principles of the Party

1.) The organizational principle of the Party is Democratic Centralism. Democratic Centralism means centralized leadership based on inner-Party democracy, and inner Party democracy under the guidance of centralized leadership.
a) Except some special circumstances, all higher bodies will be elected.

b) Individuals are subordinate to Party unit.

c) Lower units are subordinate to higher units.

d) All units and members are subordinate to the Central Committee.

e) Leading committees will take decisions basing on judging every thing and knowing the situation of the peoples and lower units.

f) There will be unrestricted and open discussion among Party organizations about Party?s working principles and work.

g) Every unit will have the freedom to take initiative and to decide the method of applying the general line, which is given by the leading committees.

h) Every Party member must be in a Party unit.

i) Every member of a leading committee will be given a special area of struggle where they will give leadership and from there they will gain direct experience. Exception to this rule will be done in those cases where it is essential for any particular need of the Party.

j) Factionalism is against the principles of Democratic Centralism.

k) Every Party member has the liberty to send their opinion, criticism, and application up to the central committee.

l) If any Party member breaks discipline the related Party unit can take steps of punishment like warning, strictly warning, dismissing from Party ranks, keeping as a trainee in the Party.

Fourth Chapter


I) The highest body of the Party is All India Party Congress.
II) Party Congress will be called in every five years. The central committee in some special circumstances can call the Party Congress before scheduled time or can postpone it.

III) The Party Congress will review political situation and Party’s work. It will make a general line for the whole country; if necessary can change or revise the constitution as well as the program of the Party. Party Congress will elect the Central Committee.

IV) Central Committee will elect Polit-Bureau and other standing committees.

V) Central Committee has the power to change the area under the jurisdiction of any state committee.

VI) The highest body of a state is State Conference. This conference will elect the State Committee. The State Committee will be the highest body of the state between two State Conferences.

VII) Under the State Committee there will be Regional Committee, which will be elected by Regional Conference.

VIII) Under the Regional Committee there will be the Area Committee, which will be elected by the Area Conference.

IX) The core unit of the Party is “Cell”.

X) The Central Committee and the State Committee will convene conference in time to time to review the works and matters related to the working principles.